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His Legacy

Thomas Jefferson authored the Declaration of American Independence and the Statute of Virginia for religious freedom and served as the second governor of Virginia and the third president of the United States. The colonial capital served as Jefferson’s proving ground, where he acquired much of his enlightenment, inspiration, and legal and political education.

Here to Study

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) first came to Williamsburg early in 1760 to study at the College of William & Mary. He proceeded to read law under the tutelage of George Wythe, whose brick home on Palace Green was just a short distance from Jefferson’s lodgings at Market Square Tavern.

Jefferson enjoyed the social opportunities available in the capital, which included dances at the Raleigh Tavern, playing his violin at the Governor’s Palace, attending theater performances, and visiting Randolph relatives. He experienced romantic disappointment when Rebecca Burwell spurned his marriage proposal after an evening in the Raleigh Tavern.

Back for Politics

In 1765, Jefferson witnessed Patrick Henry's brilliant orations against the Stamp Act from a doorway in the Capitol. He returned as a member of the House of Burgesses, then represented Virginia in the Continental Congress, where he penned the Declaration of Independence.

While serving as Virginia’s second governor, Jefferson lived in the Governor’s Palace. And while governor, in 1779, Jefferson’s proposal to end state sponsorship of religion was defeated in the House of Burgesses. But the Statute for Religious Freedom was eventually passed in 1786 and stood as one of his proudest accomplishments.

Leaving His Mark

His days in Williamsburg ended when the capital moved to Richmond in 1789, but Jefferson looked back fondly at his time in Williamsburg, which were formative years for his intellectual and political development. After the Revolution, he continued to shape the young nation’s destiny, serving as Minister to France, the first secretary of state, vice president under John Adams, and completing the Louisiana Purchase during his two terms as president.

In His Words

“Williamsburg was “the finest school of manners and morals that ever existed in America.”




The story of America is full of hope and struggle. Step into the past with Thomas Jefferson and learn about his contribution to the founding of our nation as you engage with him and experience his world.

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